1. THE HISTORY OF THANKSGIVING
Thanksgiving has its origins in American history. In 1620, a boat filled with more than 100 people ("the Pilgrims") who wanted to flee (1) religious persecution in England, sailed across the Atlantic Ocean, from England to North America, in a big ship called the Mayflower. The Pilgrims settled (2) in the present state of Massachussetts.
Their first winter was very difficult because they didn’t have much to eat and a lot of them died.
The following year, the Native Americans (or Indians) gave them some seeds to grow corn (3) and they taught them how to hunt and fish.
In the autumn of 1621, the colonists were very happy because they had a lot to eat for the following winter (corn, beans, pumpkins...). So, they invited the Native Americans and they had a big meal together. They also wanted to thank God for their first harvest(4) . It was the first Thanksgiving.
2. THANKSGIVING TODAY
Then, Thanksgiving officially became a federal holiday and now it is celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November each year. Thanksgiving is a time for tradition and sharing (5). Family members get together : they cook turkey, corn, pumpkins, cranberry sauce (6) which are the symbol of the first Thanksgiving. They also send greeting cards and decorate the doors of their houses with corn ; corn represents the harvest and autumn.
American people love celebrating Thankgiving and they are still very thankful to the Native Indians. Without them, the first colonists would not have survived !
(1) : fuir (2) : s’installèrent (3) : maïs (4) : moisson,récolte (5) : partage (6) : sauce à base de baies rouges (canneberge)
Quizz : Thanksgiving
1. Quel était le nom du bateau qui a conduit les premiers anglophones en Amérique ?
le Yellow Submarine
2. En quelle année les pélerins ont-ils accosté à Plymouth Cap Cod en Amérique ?
3. Comment s’appelait le premier indien qui a accueilli et aidé les pélerins sur le sol d’Amérique ?
4. Quelles céréales furent plantées par les premiers pélerins avec l’aide des Indiens ?
5. Quel jeudi du mois de novembre a été choisi comme jour officiel de Thanksgiving aux Etats-Unis ?
6. Quelle est la volaille traditionnellement cuisinée pour le repas de Thanksgiving ?