Animal Farm -George Orwell-
A satire of the Russian revolution, Animal Farm, by George Orwell, is written in the time the population is still quite confused about the Russian revolution and about the tyranny lead by the leaders of the government at the time, and how they took over Russia flat-footed. The barn, and the farm, main and only setting of the novel, will represent for us the place where the revolution grew, till the tension was too strong, and of course the post-effects of the revolution. The pecularity of Orwell's novel is that the characters, as diverse as they may be, are represented as animals: sheep, the naïve and dumb ones; horses, the strong ones, represent soldiers; pigs the powerful ones, they will be throughout the novel the leaders of the revolution and the government; and other almost obsolete farm animals who represent the rest of the population. In fact the main ideas and orders are given by the pigs, specifically Snowball (the vigourous and powerful), Napoleon (known to "always get it his own way"), and Squealer, more of a secondary leader in fact, but with great talents of persuader and a lot of charisma to the point he can make the other animals, especially the dumbest, change their mind about what they thought they fought for. Through this revolution the pigs will establish laws on an ideology of animal reing called "Animalism" which base laws are:
-Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy.
-Whatever goes upon four legs or has wings is a friend.
-No animal shall wear clothes.
-No animal shall sleep in a bed. 7 Rules of
-No animal shall drink alcohol. Animalism
-No animal shall kill another animal.
-All animals are created equal.
...Unfortunately many of the latter rules will be proven wrong.
Old Major, the eldest pig and the most respected pig on the farm has a dream that one day animals will rule England. His revolt and anarchist thoughts againt man-kind are justified by their lack of respect and their cruelty againt the animals. One evening, his patriotic chant "Beasts of England" that he has sung five times over will arouse in the animals' hearts the desire, the will, and the courage to undertake a revolution. This revolution waited for finally reveals itself, three days after the decease of Old Major, as the farm's owner Mr.Jones forgets to feed his animals for a day and a half out of neglect and of a very violent hang-over: in consequent the terrorizing animals attack the farmers in Manor Farm and make them flee into town. Manor Farm, then Animal Farm, is victorious.
The victory overjoys every one of the animals, but very quickly they establish rules, a working scheme, governmentish statuses with as leaders the three pigs most proficient for the job. Yet soon after the victory, when the good will to work for Animal Farm is losing stability in the mind of the most cunning of the other animals, problems arouse, as leadership abuse very quickly becomes a tyranny. In fact laws are changed in secret, and animals soon forget what they fight for: in terror they realise they can't make a difference between the pigs and the humans. As Russia and Staline are very obviously represented in this book, it is highly recommended to those who look for answers in the Russian revolution.
"All animals are created equal, some are more equal than the others."